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Baruch Spinoza

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Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa) (24 November 1632 - 21 February 1677) - later Benedict de Spinoza - was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment[ and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes's mind-body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely." Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said of all contemporary philosophers, "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all."

Thursday Oct 28, 2021

Baruch Spinoza: Human actions

I have made a ceaseless effort not to ridicule, not to bewail, not to scorn human actions, but to understand them.

Tuesday Oct 12, 2021

Baruch Spinoza: Peace

For peace is not mere absence of war, but is a virtue that springs from, a state of mind, a disposition for benevolence, confidence, justice.

Thursday Jul 1, 2021

Baruch Spinoza: The struggle to live

The more you struggle to live, the less you live. Give up the notion that you must be sure of what you are doing. Instead, surrender to what is real within you, for that alone is sure....you are above everything distressing.

Monday Sep 9, 2019

Baruch Spinoza about crying and indignancy

Do not weep; do not wax indignant. Understand.